Mánaðarskipt færslusafn fyrir: desember 2016

Íslensk klausturmenning á miðöldum

klausturbok-utgafutilbod-02

Út er komin hjá Miðaldastofu Háskóla Íslands og Háskólaútgáfunni bókin Íslensk klausturmenning á miðöldum með greinum níu fræðimanna um ýmsar hliðar klausturmenningar á Íslandi á miðöldum. Greinarnar eru allar byggðar á fyrirlestraröð Miðaldastofu um þetta efni. Bókin er alls 317 blaðsíður og efni hennar sem hér segir:

Gottskálk Jensson
Íslenskar klausturreglur og libertas ecclesie á ofanverðri 12. öld

Margaret Cormack
Monastic Foundations and Foundation Legends

Sverrir Jakobsson
Frá Helgafellsklaustri til Stapaumboðs

Elizabeth Walgenbach
Church Sanctuary in the Contemporary Sagas

Gunnar Harðarson
Viktorsklaustrið í París og norrænar miðaldir

Haraldur Bernharðsson
Kirkja, klaustur og norskublandið ritmálsviðmið á Íslandi á miðöldum

Guðvarður Már Gunnlaugsson
Voru scriptoria í íslenskum klaustrum?

Guðrún Harðardóttir
Myndheimur íslenskra klausturinnsigla

Guðbjörg Kristjánsdóttir
Handritalýsingar í benediktínaklaustrinu á Þingeyrum

Útgáfutilboð: kr. 5.900

Útsöluverð bókarinnar er kr. 6.900, en hún býðst nú á sérstöku útgáfutilboði á kr. 5.900 með heimsendingu. — Sendið nafn og kennitölu á netfangið haraldr@hi.is eigi síðar en 15. desember næstkomandi.

Miðaldastofa Háskóla Íslands og Háskólaútgáfan

Fyrirlestrar Miðaldastofu 2016–2017

Magdalena Schmid

A periodization of Iceland’s Landnám in light of new archaeological data

Fimmtudaginn 8. desember 2016 kl. 16.30
Askja 132 — takið eftir nýjum stað!

Magdalena Schmid
Magdalena Schmid

The Landnám (‘settlement’) of Iceland has been vigorously discussed for centuries. It is known that the Norsemen successfully colonized Iceland in large numbers, but crucial details about the timing and patterns of settlement are still unclear. Was the colonization rapid and complete, or gradual? Did the colonization follow the same pattern across Iceland or were there regional differences?
From an archaeological perspective, we can only know the detailed structure of the pattern and timing of settlement by applying robust chronological models. The key dating methods in the North Atlantic area are tephrochronology, radiocarbon dating and typology. Nevertheless, radiocarbon dates from the earliest archaeological contexts in Iceland have been a matter of fierce contention since the 1980s. This study, therefore, aims to reassess the temporal sequence of the Norse colonization of Iceland through a rigorous synthesis of empirical data and a new application of Bayesian statistics. More precisely, 500 radiocarbon dates as well as volcanic ash layers (tephra) from well-defined archaeological contexts of 300 settlement sites are systematically quantified.
The reassessed data permit a countrywide comparison and the first classification of archaeological sites into four periods:

1. Pre-Landnám (A.D. pre-877),
2. Landnám (A.D. 877–939),
3. Post-Landnám (A.D. 939–1104) and
4. Viking Age (A.D. ~800–1100).

The periods show a rapid incline of settlement establishments, as well as regional differences in settlement patterns in four key areas in Iceland, the southwest, northwest, north and east. The data summarized here for the first time indicate that it will be possible to reconstruct the tempo and development of the colonization process in decadal resolution by more systematically utilizing the dating potential of tephrochronology and radiocarbon dates at archaeological sites. It is hoped that future data may provide information about population movements and demography in Iceland, as well as answer questions why people settled in particular areas.

Magdalena Schmid is Ph.D. candidate at the University of Iceland. Her research focuses on the chronology of the Viking-Age settlement of Iceland. She is currently Visiting Fellow at the University of Edinburgh where she is writing up her dissertation.

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