Út er komin hjá Miðaldastofu Háskóla Íslands og Háskólaútgáfunni bókin Íslensk klausturmenning á miðöldum með greinum níu fræðimanna um ýmsar hliðar klausturmenningar á Íslandi á miðöldum. Greinarnar eru allar byggðar á fyrirlestraröð Miðaldastofu um þetta efni. Bókin er alls 317 blaðsíður og efni hennar sem hér segir:
Gottskálk Jensson Íslenskar klausturreglur og libertas ecclesie á ofanverðri 12. öld
Margaret Cormack Monastic Foundations and Foundation Legends
Sverrir Jakobsson Frá Helgafellsklaustri til Stapaumboðs
Elizabeth Walgenbach Church Sanctuary in the Contemporary Sagas
Gunnar Harðarson Viktorsklaustrið í París og norrænar miðaldir
Haraldur Bernharðsson Kirkja, klaustur og norskublandið ritmálsviðmið á Íslandi á miðöldum
Guðvarður Már Gunnlaugsson Voru scriptoria í íslenskum klaustrum?
Guðrún Harðardóttir Myndheimur íslenskra klausturinnsigla
Guðbjörg Kristjánsdóttir Handritalýsingar í benediktínaklaustrinu á Þingeyrum
Útgáfutilboð: kr. 5.900
Útsöluverð bókarinnar er kr. 6.900, en hún býðst nú á sérstöku útgáfutilboði á kr. 5.900 með heimsendingu. — Sendið nafn og kennitölu á netfangið email@example.com eigi síðar en 15. desember næstkomandi.
A periodization of Iceland’s Landnám in light of new archaeological data
Thursday December 8, 2016, at 16.30 Askja 132 — note new location!
The Landnám (‘settlement’) of Iceland has been vigorously discussed for centuries. It is known that the Norsemen successfully colonized Iceland in large numbers, but crucial details about the timing and patterns of settlement are still unclear. Was the colonization rapid and complete, or gradual? Did the colonization follow the same pattern across Iceland or were there regional differences?
From an archaeological perspective, we can only know the detailed structure of the pattern and timing of settlement by applying robust chronological models. The key dating methods in the North Atlantic area are tephrochronology, radiocarbon dating and typology. Nevertheless, radiocarbon dates from the earliest archaeological contexts in Iceland have been a matter of fierce contention since the 1980s. This study, therefore, aims to reassess the temporal sequence of the Norse colonization of Iceland through a rigorous synthesis of empirical data and a new application of Bayesian statistics. More precisely, 500 radiocarbon dates as well as volcanic ash layers (tephra) from well-defined archaeological contexts of 300 settlement sites are systematically quantified.
The reassessed data permit a countrywide comparison and the first classification of archaeological sites into four periods:
1. Pre-Landnám (A.D. pre-877),
2. Landnám (A.D. 877–939),
3. Post-Landnám (A.D. 939–1104) and
4. Viking Age (A.D. ~800–1100).
The periods show a rapid incline of settlement establishments, as well as regional differences in settlement patterns in four key areas in Iceland, the southwest, northwest, north and east. The data summarized here for the first time indicate that it will be possible to reconstruct the tempo and development of the colonization process in decadal resolution by more systematically utilizing the dating potential of tephrochronology and radiocarbon dates at archaeological sites. It is hoped that future data may provide information about population movements and demography in Iceland, as well as answer questions why people settled in particular areas.
Magdalena Schmid is Ph.D. candidate at the University of Iceland. Her research focuses on the chronology of the Viking-Age settlement of Iceland. She is currently Visiting Fellow at the University of Edinburgh where she is writing up her dissertation.
The talk will be delivered in English. All are welcome to attend.