Sturlungaöld

thorhallsdottir-paulsen

4. febrúar 2016

Guðrún Þórhallsdóttir

Bragur og breytingar

Kolbeinn og himnasmiðurinn

Fimmtudaginn 4. febrúar 2016

Askja 132

Guðrún Þórhallsdóttir
Guðrún Þórhallsdóttir

Í fyrirlestrinum verður fjallað um gildi kveðskapar sem heimildar um íslenskt mál að fornu og málbreytingar á fyrstu öldum ritaldar á Íslandi. Tekið verður dæmi af skáldinu Kolbeini Tumasyni og kveðskap hans, ekki síst sálminum Heyr, himna smiður, kvæði sem sker sig úr bæði efnisins vegna og bragarháttarins. Þessi elsti sálmur Norðurlanda er ef til vill sá forníslenski texti sem oftast er fluttur um þessar mundir, eftir að lag Þorkels Sigurbjörnssonar varð þekkt og vinsælt, en segja má að lag Þorkels miðist fremur við framburð nútímamáls en brageyra Kolbeins.

Guðrún Þórhallsdóttir er dósent í íslenskri málfræði við Hugvísindasvið Háskóla Íslands. Hún lauk doktorsprófi í almennum málvísindum frá Cornell-háskóla árið 1993 með indóevrópska og germanska samanburðarmálfræði sem sérgrein. Aðalrannsóknarsvið hennar er hljóðsaga og beygingarsaga íslensku og forsaga íslenskrar tungu.

—o—

4. febrúar 2016

Robert Kristof Paulsen

Sturlungaöld — málþróunaröld

Thursday  February 4 2016

Askja 132

Robert Paulsen 2
Robert Kristof Paulsen

The age of the Sturlungs was a time of social turmoil and political change. But not only Icelandic society took a path that would be followed for centuries to come: Also on the linguistic level, routes were taken that shape the Icelandic language to the present day.

Many of the specifically Icelandic sound changes—from the unrounding of front vowels to the lenition of stops after unstressed vowels—took place or were initiated in the course of the 13th century. Even though these innovations often only become fully apparent in manuscript sources from a somewhat later time in the 14th century, we can assume their earlier presence for the spoken language due to conservative orthography lagging behind the spoken idiom.

In my presentation, I will discuss these phonological developments and show how they continue earlier trends and trigger later ones. Even though the sound changes in 13th-century Icelandic are expressions of trends found in other Old Norse dialects as well, the course they took in Iceland is unique. It is these linguistic innovations of the Sturlungaöld that made Icelandic Old Norse truly Icelandic—as similar as the two might be.

With the Sturlungaöld being a period of social and political conflict, one must ask the question whether the fast-forward phonological development is connected to this. To put it differently: does social instability trigger sound change?

Robert Kristof Paulsen has a master’s degree in Indo-European studies and North-Germanic philology from the University of Freiburg (Breisgau). He is currently a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Bergen. His main research interests are Old Norse historical linguistics (with a focus on graphematics and phonology) as well as Old Norse digital philology.